- Soybean seed quality: Be aware of the differences between sclerotinia, phomopsis, and purple seed stain. Please see Common Soybean Diseases in Wisconsin, Soybean Quality Issues in 2009, and Discolored Soybean Seed.
- Soybean Grain Drying, Conditioning and Aeration: Drying Soybeans in 2009, Harvesting, Drying and Storing Frost-Damaged Corn and Soybeans and, Drying Soybeans Requires Special Considerations
- More info on grain quality please see Chat n chew cafe and grain harvest.
Tuesday, October 27, 2009
Tuesday, October 20, 2009
Given our 7- day weather outlook and the fact that the winter wheat we planted on October 1st is barely spiking it is obvious that the drop dead date for trying to get the rest of our winter wheat planted in 2009 is quickly approaching. Unfortunately assigning a strict calendar date to end planting is difficult given the fact that we don't know what the weather will be like from now until Christmas or the ground freezes (whichever comes first). What we do know is:
From our data at our Arlington and Lancaster winter wheat sites we see significant yield loss as planting date is delayed from mid-September to mid-to-late October (Table 1)
Table 1. Planting date effect on grain yield and winter survival at Lancaster and Arlington WI, 2009.
% Yield Loss
- At this point of the season crop insurance coverage is reduced to 60% of the original guarantee (see Recommendations for Winter Wheat Establishment in 2009 for more details).
- A warm November or December can do wonders. Our winter wheat variety trial was planted at our Janesville location on November 8th 2006 and averaged 76 bu per acre whereas our Arlington site was planted on September 28th 2006 and yielded 78 bu per acre. However given our record cool season I would not mortgage the farm on a warm November/December.
- If a grower is still planning on planting winter wheat it is likley for reasons other than just yield (i.e. manure ground, straw, setting up a rotation, etc.). To ensure the best possible success given our planting and growing environment:
- Plant "new seed
- Plant fungicide treated seed
- Plant a minimum of 1.75 million seeds per acre (more would be better, up to 2.2 million)
For additional information regarding wheat establishment please see Recommendations for Winter Wheat Establishment in 2009
Thursday, October 15, 2009
The UW Agronomy Department, in cooperation with the Wisconsin Soybean Marketing Board, is again offering free SCN testing for Wisconsin growers. This program is intended for growers to sample up to three of their fields in order to identify if SCN is present and at what levels. Growers will be responsible for collecting soil from fields suspected to have SCN and then sending the sample to the SCN testing laboratory. They will receive a lab report back with the SCN egg count and a brochure to help plan future rotations and other cultural practices to lower the level of infestation.
We have a limited number of these free kits available and will furnish them on a first come - first served basis. Each kit has a bag and a prepaid mailer for one soil sample which should represent about 10-15 acres. Both the postage and lab fees are prepaid. Before or right after harvest are great times to collect soil samples for routine soil fertility analysis and for SCN monitoring.
Soil sample test kits are available now and can be requested from Colleen Smith at email@example.com or at 608-262-7702.